This talk will walk you through the latest technological developments in computer science and how these are being applied in the field of historical archaeology. Looking to develop new datasets, techniques, and software that allow the study of Latin American colonial sources at a large scale, the talk will introduce the work of the Digital Humanities projects “Digging into Early Colonial Mexico” and “Unlocking the Colonial Archive”, showcasing how these approaches can revolutionize historical research. The creation of computational methods, however, is not neutral. Artificial Intelligence techniques and commonly used software introduces particular ways of thinking and visions of the world that researchers need to be actively and constantly aware about. Hence, the paper offers also a deconstruction of the technologies used and a decolonial critique to the ways in which AI technologies and other methods are currently developed.