Sustainability/sustainable development is an integral part of debates on climate change mitigation, environmental protection, and biodiversity conservation; in (inter)national strategies related to energy transition, a bioeconomy, and conservation; and a concept as well as a vision for transitioning into a low-carbon future. Yet, the pathways and practices for achieving sustainability are highly controversial and include a much larger range of knowledges and practices that could support the decarbonization of the economy and the inclusion of social groups as well as the resilience of communities in light of climate change and environmental degradation. The workshop will assess the concept of sustainability/sustainable development and discuss it in light of debates on knowledge, living heritage, ‘traditional’ and agricultural healing systems, resilience and adaptation, and social innovations.